Whenever discussing Indian Philosophy, a note on the ‘Sources of knowledge’ (in Sanskrit, Pramāna) is unavoidable. Philosophy deals with external objects. So getting details about the external objects is crucial to formulate philosophic theories. There are various ways or means to know the outside objects. These means are commonly called as Pramāna or ‘Sources/methods of… Continue reading PRAMĀNA: THE SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE
Are we seeing the objects around us like plants, animals, rocks, etc because we have eyes? Are we hearing various sounds from the outside world due to our ears? In the same way touch-skin, odour – nose, taste – tongue pairs also should be considered. Common man may answer ‘yes’ to each of this question,… Continue reading Consciousness: The Substratum Of Human Experience
This book bring out the Buddhist Philosophical elements contained in the 'Mimamsa - Slokavarttika', the magnum opus of Kumarila Bhatta, the most prominent Purva Mimamsa Scholar (The other one is Prabhakara). He composed this work, 'Slokavarttika', to refute the arguments raised by Buddhist scholars, mainly Dignaga, Asanga, etc. As a considerable portion of the works… Continue reading The Buddhist Philosophy as presented in Mimamsa-Sloka-Varttika of Kumarila Bhatta
Karma Siddhanta put forward certain rules and guidelines to define actions into two categories – Good and Bad. These set of rules decided which action is good and which is bad. Vedas, Brahmanas, Upanishads, Bhagavat Gita, Smiritis, etc. were the commonly cited scriptures for a proper ethical and spiritual life. Guiding a life according to them, one can attain the perfect state of existence before or after death. Thus who performs the duties as propounded by the scriptures are sure to achieve moksha (roughly means, ‘liberation’), the perfect state, and who deviate from scriptural injections are destined to born again and again in the phenomenal world.
From the stand point of the Indian philosophy, we may say that there is one or more ultimate realities in the universe. By the term ultimate reality, we generally mean something that exists by itself, without depending on any other thing. All philosophical systems of India have admitted the existence of at least one Ultimate… Continue reading Ultimate Reality And Classification Of Indian Philosophical Systems
In Rig-Veda there is a famous Sloka/hymn, which expresses the skepticism about the origin and nature of the world. It also doubts the capability of god and his involvement in the creation of the world. It says the gods may be later than the world creation. At the same time sloka assumes a ‘He’, above… Continue reading Origin Of Indian Philosophy
This is among the best books I have read, so far. Magnum opus of Sri. Sarveppalli Radhakrishnan, a statesman and philosopher. In Plato's terms, a 'Philosopher King'. In this two volumes, first published in 1921, Radhakrishnan with his in-depth scriptural knowledge and insight consult, explain and criticise the Philosophical concepts from Rgvedic-Upanishadic times to Buddhist-Jainist schools… Continue reading Indian Philosophy (2 Vol) — S Radhakrishnan