Whenever discussing Indian Philosophy, a note on the ‘Sources of knowledge’ (in Sanskrit, Pramāna) is unavoidable. Philosophy deals with external objects. So getting details about the external objects is crucial to formulate philosophic theories. There are various ways or means to know the outside objects. These means are commonly called as Pramāna or ‘Sources/methods of… Continue reading PRAMĀNA: THE SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE
Karma Siddhanta put forward certain rules and guidelines to define actions into two categories – Good and Bad. These set of rules decided which action is good and which is bad. Vedas, Brahmanas, Upanishads, Bhagavat Gita, Smiritis, etc. were the commonly cited scriptures for a proper ethical and spiritual life. Guiding a life according to them, one can attain the perfect state of existence before or after death. Thus who performs the duties as propounded by the scriptures are sure to achieve moksha (roughly means, ‘liberation’), the perfect state, and who deviate from scriptural injections are destined to born again and again in the phenomenal world.
In Rig-Veda there is a famous Sloka/hymn, which expresses the skepticism about the origin and nature of the world. It also doubts the capability of god and his involvement in the creation of the world. It says the gods may be later than the world creation. At the same time sloka assumes a ‘He’, above… Continue reading Origin Of Indian Philosophy