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Indian Philosophy – A Way Of Life

As all philosophy students know, in India, Philosophy is not a mere theoretical exercise, but an experimental and living practice. Rishis who formulated philosophical concepts, lived it and proved the validity and efficacy of their theories. This is in stark contradiction to the philosophical speculations formed elsewhere in the world, except Greeks. In this website, I venture to present the robust philosophical thoughts of ancient India & Greece. Welcome!

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The Upanishads: The Source of Indian Philosophical Systems – 1

The Upanishads are those parts of Vedic literature that contains philosophical teaching. It is usually called as Vedanta (end part of Vedas). There are many Upanishads and they are composed not by a single sage, but by many. Also the beginning to the completion of Upanishads composition may span a wide period; say 500 – 1000 years, minimum. Commonly eleven Upanishads are considered as the ‘Principle Upanishads’. Yet, this is not a hard rule. It is generally held so because Sri Sankaracharya wrote commentaries for these eleven Upanishads. They are Isa, Kena, Katha, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Mundaka, Mandukya, Prasna, Chandogya…

The Upanishads: The Source of Indian Philosophical Systems – 2

These realistic schools propose that there are multiple souls which are co-eternal with the God. They list many reasons for the existence of God[14], and being realists Nyaya claims, object and (its) qualities are different, not same, like the idealists think. Nyaya have developed sixteen categories and stresses much on the syllogism to arrive in the correct knowledge. Nyaya philosophy is systematically expounded in the Nyaya-sutra of Rishi Gotama. Vatsayana, Udyotakara, Vacaspati Misra and Udayana are the major writers and commentators on this sutra and other Nyaya related treatises. Nyaya and Vaiseshika systems are considered…

The Upanishads: The Source Of Indian Philosophical Systems – 3

In Advaita Vedanta individual self and supreme self are one and same. Individual self is the reflection of the supreme self on avidya. When this avidya becomes exhausted, individual self become aware of its supreme status and realize the Brahman. In short, as per Advaita Vedanta, we all are already liberated beings. But due to avidya we are not aware of it. When we acquire Brahma-vidya, we will realize our default supreme nature, or the divinity within us. This is the nutshell of Advaita Vedanta. We can find several passages in the Upanishad collection about the non-dual nature of Atman and Brahman. In fact, though several…

Carvaka Elements in Upanishads? – An Account From the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad

There are certain portions in Upanishads which can be interpret-able as carrying materialistic ideas. Thus in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad the great sage Yanjavalkya is conversing to his wife, Maitreyi, that ‘it is for its own sake that Self perform everything’. “He said. It is not for the sake of the husband, my dear, that he is loved, but for one’s own sake, that he is loved. It is not for the sake of wife, my dear, that she is loved, but for one’s own sake that she is loved. It is not for the sake of the sons, my dear, that they are loved, but for one’s own sake that they are loved but for one’s own sake that they are loved. It is not for the sake of wealth…

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The Upanishads & Teachings Of Sri Buddha – Philosophy Conference Paper


Advaita Vedanta Articles

Avidya – The Anti-Knowledge

The most confusing component of ആdvaita വ്വ്edanta philosophy, that evoke uneasiness among the begin- ners, is the doctrine of Avidya or

Why Are We Divine?

The most important and valued principle of Advaita Vedānta is that everything is divine. Advaita Vedanta achieves this by assigning a relative reality below the single, absolute