Avidya – The Anti-Knowledge

The most confusing component of ആdvaita വ്വ്edanta philosophy, that evoke uneasiness among the beginners, is the doctrine of Avidya or Maya. (There is an opinion that both are different and not same. But no such classification can be found in the Bhashya of Sankaracharya). The doctrine of Avidya […]

The Three levels of Ultimate Reality

Normally Māya of Advaita Vedānta is believed to be representing a non-existent thing, by the easy readers of Vedanta. In fact, its meaning is different. Māya in Advaita Vedanta denotes the ‘indescribable nature of phenomenal world’. Phenomenal world is not a ‘non-existing’ thing in Advaita Vedanta[1]. But it […]

Why Are We Divine?

The most important and valued principle of Advaita Vedānta is that everything is divine. Advaita Vedanta achieves this by assigning a relative reality below the single, absolute Brahman. It is a realistic approach too. Though mainly reflects a absolute idealistic outlook, realism has a place in Advaita Vedanta, […]

Dualism in Monotheism

I had faced a peculiar situation, on many occasions of my life. It usually happens in the midst of a conversation with friends. My certain friends will opine that ‘they believe in God very well, but not in Ghost/Demon’. After presenting their view they simply abandon that topic, […]