Tag: Philosophy

Indian Philosophy Upanishads

The Upanishads: The Source of Indian Philosophical Systems – 2

These realistic schools propose that there are multiple souls which are co-eternal with the God. They list many reasons for the existence of God[14], and being realists Nyaya claims, object and (its) qualities are different, not same, like the idealists think. Nyaya have developed sixteen categories and stresses much on the syllogism to arrive in the correct knowledge. Nyaya philosophy is systematically expounded in the Nyaya-sutra of Rishi Gotama. Vatsayana, Udyotakara, Vacaspati Misra and Udayana are the major writers and commentators on this sutra and other Nyaya related treatises. Nyaya and Vaiseshika systems are considered…

Featured Articles Indian Philosophy Upanishads

The Upanishads: The Source of Indian Philosophical Systems – 1

The Upanishads are those parts of Vedic literature that contains philosophical teaching. It is usually called as Vedanta (end part of Vedas). There are many Upanishads and they are composed not by a single sage, but by many. Also the beginning to the completion of Upanishads composition may span a wide period; say 500 – 1000 years, minimum. Commonly eleven Upanishads are considered as the ‘Principle Upanishads’. Yet, this is not a hard rule. It is generally held so because Sri Sankaracharya wrote commentaries for these eleven Upanishads. They are Isa, Kena, Katha, Taittiriya, Aitareya, Mundaka, Mandukya, Prasna, Chandogya…